IMPORTANCE OF WATER
Water can be considered the most important nutrient in your body.
Water dissolves and transports nutrients throughout the body, aiding the processes of digestion, absorption, circulation, and excretion, and also helps regulate body temperature. The body needs to replace the water every day to perform these functions. Without replenishment of fresh water, we would die in a few days. With blood being comprised of 82% water, your brain – 76% and muscle tissue around 75%, water might be considered the most important nutrient in the body, with the result being optimum health. Peak performance is absolutely dependent on adequate fluid intake. Every biochemical reaction in the body takes place in an aqueous medium.
IMPORTANCE OF PROTEIN
Derived from the Greek word “proteins” which means “of great importance.” Proteins are long strands of amino acids. Amino acids are highly complex molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and other elements. Amino acids are the building blocks of muscle, other tissue, hormones, enzymes and immunoglobulins. An enzyme is an organic molecule, which acts as a catalytic agent to speed up or facilitate biochemical reactions.
IMPORTANCE OF CARBOHYDRATES
Carbohydrates are the chief source of energy, they are carbon, hydrogen and oxygen molecules arranged structurally in the form of rings. Carbohydrates provide energy for body function and activity by supplying immediate calories. This is accomplished by the transformation of carbohydrates into glucose, the main sugar in the blood, and the body’s basic fuel. Carbohydrates are stored in the liver, and in the muscle as glycogen. The body transforms glycogen into glucose, then releases glucose into the bloodstream when it’s required for energy.
IMPORTANCE OF FATS
Fats provide more energy per gram than either carbohydrates or protein. The human body stores significantly more energy in its fat reserves than it is able to store by way of muscle glycogen reserves. The limiting energy source for peak performance is always carbohydrates, never fat. Fats can be classified as saturated or unsaturated so therefore there are bad fats and good fats and if we hope to build a premium body and maximise our physical potential, we need to understand the difference between the two. Based upon this, we need to strive to eliminate saturated fats from our diets.